Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology
Liver - Original Article

What Is the Risk of Reactivation in Patients with Resolved and Past HBV Infection During Immunosuppressive Therapy If HBV-DNA Negative before Treatment?

1.

Department of Gastroenterology, Internal Medicine, Çukurova University School of Medicine, Adana, Turkey

2.

Department of Rheumatology, Internal Medicine, Çukurova University School of Medicine, Adana, Turkey

3.

Department of Oncology, Internal Medicine, Çukurova University School of Medicine, Adana, Turkey

4.

Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Gynecology and Obstetrics, Çukurova University School of Medicine, Adana, Turkey

Turk J Gastroenterol 2021; 32: 294-301
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2021.201131
Read: 31 Downloads: 10 Published: 10 June 2021

Background: Reactivation of Hepatitis B (HBVr) related to immunosuppressive drug therapy (ISDT) in patients with resolved and past infection is a challenging entity. The number of prospective long-term studies is limited.

Methods: Two groups of patients with resolved and past HBV infection were analyzed prospectively. The patients were further categorized as 266 patients receiving ISDT (group 1) and 246 patients receiving antineoplastic therapy (group 2).

Results: We did not detect any cases of HBVr among 108 patients receiving rituximab (71 of which were anti-HBc positive only), 111 patients receiving tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (66 of which were anti-HBc positive only), and 42 patients receiving high-dose glucocorticoids for more than 4 weeks (24 of which were anti-HBc positive only) during a mean follow-up time of more than 24 months. Subgroup analysis of the anti-HBs (+) patients showed that in group A (anti-HBs >1000 mIU/mL) the antibody levels did not change; in group B (anti-HBs between 100 and 1000 mIU/mL) the antibody levels changed non-significantly (P = .25), and in Group C (anti-HBs between 0 and 100 mIU/mL) the antibody levels declined significantly (P = .002). Furthermore, 16 patients in Group C had an anti-HBs loss during follow-up, but no HBVr was detected.

Conclusion: The risk of HBVr by immunosuppressive therapy in this group may be lower than that suspected in the literature and anti- HBs levels may not seem to correlate with the risk of reactivation.

Cite this article as: Tokmak S, Gümürdülü Y, Taş DA, Kara İ, Güzel AB. What is the risk of reactivation in patients with resolved and past HBV infection during immunosuppressive therapy if HBV-DNA negative before treatment? Turk J Gastroenterol. 2021; 32(3): 294-301.

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