Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology
Gastrointestinal Tract - Original Article

Vagus nerve assessment via ultrasonography in irritable bowel syndrome. Are there any changes of dimension in the vagus nerve?

1.

Department of Radiology Tekirdağ Namık Kemal University, School of Medicine, Tekirdağ, Turkey

2.

Department of Gastroenterology, Tekirdağ Namık Kemal University, School of Medicine, Tekirdağ, Turkey

Turk J Gastroenterol 2020; 31: 503-507
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2020.19353
Read: 317 Downloads: 128 Published: 30 April 2020

Background/Aim: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the functional gastrointestinal disorder which has closely relationship with Central Nervous System (CNS). VN is the major connector  between CNS and Enteric Nervous System (ENS). The aim of this study was to investigate the possible changes of dimension of Vagus Nerve (VN) with Vagus ultrasonography (VU) in IBS.

Material and Methods: A total 119 patients which is consisted of  66 IBS patients appropriated with Rome IV criterias and 53 patients of control group  were enrolled to the study. All patients were underwent to colonoscopy for role-out the organic pathologies, such as polyposis, inflammatory bowel syndromes, diverticulosis and colon cancer. Right  Vagus (RV) and left Vagus (LV) nerve areas and diameters were calculated with VU.

Results: There were no statistical difference of RV (p=0.445) and LV (p=0.944)   diameter between two groups. There were also no statistical difference of RV (p=0.549)  and LV (p=0.874)  areas between IBS and control groups.

Conclusion: VU clearly depicted that there is no changes of dimension in VN areas and diameters in the IBS. This might show that VN is only a transporter of abnormal neuronal stimulations according to IBS pathophisiology.

Cite this article as: Özçağlayan Ö, Kurtoğlu Özçağlayan Tİ, Doğru M, Mete R. Vagus nerve assessment via ultrasonography in irritable bowel syndrome. Are there any changes of dimension in the vagus nerve? Turk J Gastroenterol 2020; 31(7): 503-7.

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