Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology
Basic & Translational - Original Article

TRPA1 and substance P mediate stress induced duodenal lesions in water immersion restraint stress rat model

1.

Department of Anesthesiology, Guangzhou General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command; The 173rd Clinical Department of PLA 421rd Hospital, Guangdong, China

2.

The 173rd Clinical Department of PLA 421rd Hospital, Guangdong, China

3.

Department of Anesthesiology, Guangzhou General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command, Guangdong, China

Turk J Gastroenterol 2018; 29: 692-700
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2018.17817
Read: 353 Downloads: 49 Published: 25 July 2019

Abstract

 

Background/Aims: Transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) and substance P (SP), both expression in sensory neurons, have important roles in stress-induced duodenal lesions. The possible contribution of TRPA1 and SP to stress-induced duodenal lesions was explored by using the water immersion restraint stress (WIRS) rat model.

 

Materials and Methods: Western blotting, Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and immunohistochemistry assay were used to evaluate the changes of TRPA1and SP expression in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG, T8-11), the corresponding segment of the spinal cord (T8-11), and the duodenum in a duodenal lesions rat model. The SP concentrations of duodenal mucosa were investigated using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Duodenal lesions were assessed according to histopathological changes. TRPA1 specific antagonist HC-030031 was intrathecally or intraperitoneally performed to suppress the expression of both TRPA1 and SP for evaluating the roles of TRPA1 and SP in duodenal lesions.

 

Results: In contrast to the control group, TRPA1 and substance P in the DRG (T8-11) and duodenum were up-regulated, and concentrations of SP in the duodenal mucosa were increased after WIRS (p<0.05), which are closely associated with duodenal lesions. SP concentrations in the duodenal mucosa were decreased and duodenal lesions were alleviated by pretreatment with TRPA1 antagonist HC-030031. We identified a protective role for HC-030031 in WIRS-induced duodenal lesions. Furthermore, we demonstrated that WIRS increased the concentrations of SP in the duodenal mucosa in a TRPA1-dependent manner. However, WIRS caused no significant changes of TRPA1 and SP in the spinal cord (T8-11) compared with the control group (p>0.05).

 

Conclusion: Our study indicates that TRPA1 antagonist HC-030031 alleviates duodenal lesions. TRPA1 is activated and sensitized, therefore concomitant neuropeptide SP is released, which exerts a critical role in inducing and maintaining duodenal lesions following WIRS in rats. This provides evidence that neuroimmune interactions may control duodenal injury. TRPA1 may be a potential drug target to inhibit the development of duodenal lesions by stress-induced in patients.

 

 

 

Cite this article as: Xu Y, Huang C, Deng H, et al. TRPA1 and substance P mediate stress induced duodenal lesions in water immersion restraint stress rat model. Turk J Gastroenterol 2018; 29: 692-700.

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