Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology
Original Article

TP53 Codon 72 Polymorphism and the Risk of Colorectal Cancer in an Azerbaijani Population

1.

Department of Surgery, Heidelberg University Mannheim Medical Faculty, Mannheim, Germany

2.

Genetic Resources Institute, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Baku, Azerbaijan

3.

Center for Stem Cell Research, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, Turkey

4.

Department of General Surgery, Scientific Center of Surgery, Baku, Azerbaijan

Turk J Gastroenterol 2022; 33: 485-490
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2022.21189
Read: 1097 Downloads: 331 Published: 01 June 2022

Background: We aimed to evaluate the association between the TP53 Arg72Pro gene polymorphism and risk of colorectal cancer in an Azerbaijani population.

Methods: A total of 141 patients with colorectal cancer and 150 gender- and age-matched controls were involved in the study. The genotypes of the TP53 gene Arg72Pro polymorphism were detected by polymerase chain reaction-based restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis.

Results: We found that the heterozygous genotypes Arg/Pro (odds ratio, 1.128; 95% CI, 0.657-1.937) and mutant Pro/Pro (odds ratio, 1.274; 95% CI, 0.648-2.504) were more frequent in colorectal cancer patients compared to healthy controls. The frequency of the mutant Pro allele (odds ratio, 1.122; 95% CI, 0.809-1.554) was revealed in 47.5% of colorectal cancer patients and in 44.7% of healthy controls. There was no association observed between TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism and risk of colorectal cancer in an Azerbaijani population (P > .05).

Conclusion: Our findings indicate a lack of relationship between TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism and risk of colorectal cancer. Furthermore, we have found no statistical differences in the frequency of genotype and allele by sex, age, histological grade, tumor stage, smoking status, and alcohol consumption in this study.

Cite this article as: Yagublu V, Bayramov B, Yuce M, Aslanov H. TP53 codon 72 polymorphism and the risk of colorectal cancer in an Azerbaijani population. Turk J Gastroenterol. 2022;33(6):485-490.

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