Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology
Original Article

The Effectiveness of Endoscopic Ultrasonography and Computed Tomography in the Differentiation of Pancreatic Cystic Neoplasms: A Single-Center Experience

1.

Department of Internal Medicine, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

2.

Department of Cytopathology, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

3.

Department of Gastroenterology, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Turk J Gastroenterol 2019; 1: -
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2023.23492
Read: 111 Downloads: 83 Published: 29 December 2023

Background/Aims: Radiological imaging advancements have led to a rise in pancreatic cyst diagnoses. Apart from imaging modalities, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is an important method in the diagnosis of pancreatic cysts. The aim of this study is to determine the clinical, laboratory, biochemical, radiological, and endosonographic features of pancreatic cysts and to assess the effectiveness of EUS and computed tomography (CT) in differentiating between neoplastic and nonneoplastic cysts.

Materials and Methods: Patients with pancreatic cysts diagnosed by CT, who underwent EUS at the EUS Laboratory of Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Gastroenterology Department, between 2010 and 2015, were retrospectively evaluated. Size, location, number, and morphological features were compared. Samples for cytology and biochemical tests were obtained through EUS-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA).

Results: The study group included 212 patients. Among them, 125 (59%) patients underwent EUS-FNA. Of these, 63 (52%) were neoplastic, 29 (24%) were nonneoplastic, and 29 (24%) lacked subgroup analysis. The sensitivity of CT in differentiating between neoplastic and nonneoplastic cysts was 82.1% [CI, 68.2%-91.9%], with a specificity of 61.1% (CI, 38.2%-81%) and diagnostic accuracy of 75.4%. Regarding EUS, the sensitivity was 96.7% (CI, 90.2%-99.4%), with a specificity of 45.8% (CI, 27.1%-65.4%) and diagnostic accuracy of 82.3%.

Conclusion: Endoscopic ultrasonography demonstrated enhanced sensitivity compared with CT in differentiating neoplastic from nonneoplastic pancreatic cysts. Although no statistical significance was found, this result can be considered clinically remarkable. In addition, EUS displayed distinct advantages in visualizing specific morphological features, emphasizing its potential as a valuable diagnostic tool in assessing pancreatic cystic neoplasms.

Cite this article as: Öztürk B, Ceyhan K, Bektaş M. The effectiveness of endoscopic ultrasonography and computed tomography in the differentiation of pancreatic cystic neoplasms: A single-center experience. Turk J Gastroenterol. 2023. [epub ahead of print]

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