Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology
Liver - Original Article

Seroprevalence of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV in pregnant women from Eastern Turkey

1.

Department of Medical Education, Gynecology and Obstetrics, Atatürk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey

2.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Atatürk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey

3.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Nenehatun Maternity Hospital, Erzurum, Turkey

4.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Nenehatun Maternity Hospital, Erzurum, Turkey

5.

Department of Public Health, Atatürk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey

6.

Department of Microbiology, Atatürk Regional Hospital, Antalya, Turkey

7.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Buhara Hospital, Erzurum, Turkey

Turk J Gastroenterol 2019; 30: 260-265
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2018.17634
Read: 66 Downloads: 8 Published: 25 July 2019

Abstract

 

Background/Aims: The vertical transmission of hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections are essential public health problems. In this study, we aimed to investigate the seroprevalence of the aforementioned infections among pregnant women.

 

Materials and Methods: This study was done retrospectively on pregnant women who presented for antenatal follow-up and delivery between 2013 and 2016. Data were collected from the hospital’s electronic health records and patient files. Blood samples were analyzed at the microbiology laboratory of the hospital. HBsAg, anti-HBs, anti-HCV, and anti-HIV titers were tested using the chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay method (Architect, Abbott Laboratories, USA).

 

Results: HBsAg and anti-HBs levels were tested in 35,295 pregnant women aged 18-45 years. The HBsAg and anti-HBs levels were positive in 425 (1.2%) and 9583 (27.7%) patients, respectively. From 2013 to 2016, the HBV carrier rates have continuously decreased from 1.4% to 0.8%, whereas the anti-HBs positivity has increased from 25.4% to 30.2%. Anti-HCV was detected in 6 of the 9709 (0.06%) patients. All the 7113 pregnant women screened for HIV showed negative results.

 

Conclusion: Hepatitis B carrier rates among pregnant women gradually decreased with a simultaneous increase in the immunity rates. HCV seroprevalence was low and HIV positivity was not encountered in the study population.

 

Cite this article as: Çınar Tanrıverdi E, Özkurt Z, Göktuğ Kadıoğlu B, et al. Seroprevalence of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV in pregnant women from Eastern Turkey. Turk J Gastroenterol 2019; 30(3): 260-5.

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