Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology
Gastrointestinal Tract - Original Article

One-day versus four-day antibiotic treatment for acute right colonic uncomplicated diverticulitis: A randomized clinical trial

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Department of Surgery, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang, Korea

Turk J Gastroenterol 2019; 30: 605-610
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2019.17775
Read: 329 Downloads: 66 Published: 25 July 2019

Abstract

 

Background/Aims: Currently, right colonic uncomplicated diverticulitis is typically treated with antibiotic therapy. However, the optimal duration of treatment is unknown. The aim of the present study was to compare the treatment failure rates between 1- and 4-day antibiotic treatment protocols.

 

Materials and Methods: A prospective randomized study in adults presenting with uncomplicated diverticulitis at the first episode from July 2011 to June 2014 was performed. Patients were randomized to receive intravenous antibiotics for 1 day (1-day group) or intravenous and oral antibiotics for 4 days (4-day group). All patients received cefmetazole and metronidazole. Treatment failure was defined as readmission within 30 days and disease recurrence during the follow-up period.

 

Results: Overall, 87 and 89 patients were randomized to the 1-day and 4-day groups, respectively. All patients were successfully treated initially. The hospital length of stay was shorter in the 1-day group than in the 4-day group (3.1 vs. 3.8 days, respectively; p<0.001). After discharge, there were no significant differences between the groups in treatment failure (15/87, 17.2% vs. 19/89, 21.3%; p=0.493). In each group, there were readmission within 30 days (9.2% vs. 12.4%; p=0.502) and recurrence over a median follow-up period of 32 months (10.3% vs. 9.0%; p=0.762). In 34 patients who experienced treatment failure, 6 required surgery.

 

Conclusion: Single-day antibiotic treatment is as effective as 4-day therapy for the prevention of readmission and recurrence in patients with right colonic uncomplicated diverticulitis.

 

Cite this article as: Park JH, Park HC, Lee BH. One-day versus four-day antibiotic treatment for acute right colonic uncomplicated diverticulitis: A randomized clinical trial. Turk J Gastroenterol 2019; 30(7): 605-10.

EISSN 2148-5607
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