Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology
Basic & Translational - Original Article

Molecular epidemiology of Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis C virus, and Hepatitis D virus in general population of Afghanistan

1.

Institute of Hepatology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

2.

Grant and Service Contract Management Unit (GCMU), Ministry of Public Health, Kabul, Afghanistan

3.

Institute of Hepatology, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Turk J Gastroenterol 2020; 31: 658-666
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2020.19169
Read: 3 Downloads: 1 Published: 02 May 2020

Background/Aims: This study gives a clue about genotypes, subgenotypes and subtypes of HBV, HCV and HDV viruses in general population of Afghanistan.

Materials and Methods: A total of 234 HBsAg, 44 anti-HCV and 5 Anti-Delta positive patients  belong to 25-70 age group were obtained through a rapid screening test among 5898 residents of Afghanistan. After quantifying viral load, genotyping of 61 HBV, 29 HCV and 1 HDV samples were accomplished by sequencing of a segment of the HBV Pre S, HCV NS5B, and HDV Delta antigen regions respectively. Clinically important variants of the HBV polymerase gene, the “a” determinant of HBsAg, HCV NS5B and NS3 regions were assessed.

Results: All HBV isolates were dispersed throughout the genotype D branch and ayw2 was the only subtypes found. The anti-HDV prevalence among HBsAg positive individuals was 2.2% and the single HDV sample, belonged to HDV genotype I. Analysis of HCV isolates revealed subtype HCV-1b in 75.86%, HCV-3a in 20.69% and HCV-3b in 3.44% patients. The observed mutant variants in the MHR of HBsAg were Y100 15%, Q101 5%, G102 15%, T115 45%, P120 5%, T131 5%. Likewise, S213T 10%, Q215P 5% and N248H 100% mutations were detected in the HBV polymerase region. C316N mutation was prevalent in 72.7% of HCV 1b participants.

Conclusion: Genotypic variation in Afghan patients is in line with the ones existing in neighboring countries and regions. HBV genotypes D1, subtype ayw2, HDV RNA type I, and HCV RNA genotype 1b are likely to be dominant in Afghan patients.

Cite this article as: Husseini AA, Islam Saeed KM, Yurdcu E, Bozdayı AM.  Molecular epidemiology of Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis C virus, and Hepatitis D virus in general population of Afghanistan. Turk J Gastroenterol 2020; 31(9): 658-66.

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