Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology
Liver - Original Article

Identification of Key Genes for Hepatitis Delta Virus-Related Hepatocellular Carcinoma by Bioinformatics Analysis


Anhui Provincial Cancer Institute, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Anhui, China


Department of Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Anhui, China

Turk J Gastroenterol 2021; 32: 169-177
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2020.191003
Read: 1114 Downloads: 352 Published: 01 February 2021

Background: It has been proposed that hepatitis delta virus (HDV) induces hepatic carcinogenesis by distinct molecular events compared with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) that is commonly induced by other hepatitis viruses. This study aimed to explore the underlying mechanism by identifying the key genes for HDV-HCC using bioinformatics analysis.

Methods: The GSE107170 dataset was downloaded and the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained by the online tool GEO2R. Gene otology (GO) functional analyses and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were performed using R packages. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed by Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes/Proteins (STRING). Hub genes were selected by Cytoscape software according to degree algorithm. The hub genes were further validated in terms of expression and survival analysis based on public databases.

Results: A total of 93 commonly upregulated genes and 36 commonly downregulated genes were found. The top 5 upregulated hub genes were TFRC, ACTR2, ARPC1A, ARPC3, and ARPC2. The top 5 downregulated hub genes were CTNNB1, CCND1, CDKN1B, CDK4, and CDKN1A. In the validation analysis, the expressions of ARPC1A, ARPC3, and CDK4 were promoted in general liver cancer samples. Higher expressions of ARPC2 and CDK4 and lower expressions of CDKN1A, CCND1, and CDKN1B were associated with worse prognosis in general HCC patients.

Conclusion: The present study identifies a series of key genes that may be involved in the carcinogenesis of HDV-HCC and used as prognostic factors.

Cite this article as: Zhang C, Wu S, Yang X, et al. Identification of key genes for hepatitis delta virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma by bioinformatics analysis. Turk J Gastroenterol. 2021; 32(2): 169-177.

EISSN 2148-5607