Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology
Original Article

Evaluation of Serum microRNA Let-7c and Let-7d as Predictive Biomarkers for Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer


Department of Medical Oncology, Pamukkale University Faculty of Medicine, Denizli, Turkey


Department of Medical Genetics, Pamukkale University Faculty of Medicine, Denizli, Turkey

Turk J Gastroenterol 2022; 33: 696-703
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2022.21829
Read: 1000 Downloads: 505 Published: 11 May 2022

Background: First-line treatments for metastatic pancreatic cancer are chemotherapy regimens consisting of 5-fluorouracil or gemcitabine; however, there are no biomarkers to help determine which patients might benefit from which treatment regimens. We aimed to show that microRNAs let-7c and 7d can be used as independent predictive biomarkers for metastatic pancreatic cancer.

Methods: A total of 55 patients who had first-line chemotherapy with FOLFIRINOX or gemcitabine+capecitabine were included. Patients were divided into groups based on let-7c and let-7d levels and chemotherapy treatment as let-7c-7d high FOLFIRINOX, let7c-7d high gemcitabine+capecitabine, let-7c-7d low FOLFIRINOX, and let-7c-7d low gemcitabine+capecitabine. Blood samples were taken from patients before chemotherapy for microRNA let-7c and 7d analysis. MicroRNA isolation was performed using a miRNeasy Serum/Plasma Kit and identified using spectrophotometric measurements. After isolation, microRNA was converted to cDNA using a microRNA cDNA Synthesis Kit with poly (A) polymerase tailing. The expression of microRNA was examined using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction.

Results: The overall survival of patients who received FOLFIRINOX treatment with a high let-7c-7d level was statistically significantly longer than those who received gemcitabine+capecitabine with a high let-7c-7d level. In addition, patients with low let-7c expression receiving FOLFIRINOX progressed significantly 2.104 times earlier than patients with high let-7c expression receiving FOLFIRINOX.

Conclusion: The serum MicroRNA let-7c level was found to be an independent predictive biomarker in the FOLFIRINOX treatment group.

Cite this article as: Demiray AG, Demiray A, Yaren A, et al. Evaluation of serum microRNA let-7c and let-7d as predictive biomarkers for metastatic pancreatic cancer. Turk J Gastroenterol. 2022;33(8):696-703.

EISSN 2148-5607