Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology
Gastrointestinal Tract - Original Article

Efficacy of Lactoferrin with Standard Triple Therapy or Sequential Therapy for Helicobacter pylori Eradication: A Randomized Controlled Trial


Department of Internal Medicine, University of Alexandria School of Medicine, Alexandria, Egypt

Turk J Gastroenterol 2021; 32: 742-749
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2021.20923
Read: 181 Downloads: 84 Published: 20 September 2021

Background: Bovine lactoferrin addition to regimens of Helicobacter pylori treatment has been tried, with conflicting results.

Aim: To assess the effect of bovine lactoferrin in addition to the anti-H. pylori treatment. 

Methods: We enrolled 400 H. pylori-infected patients who were randomized into 4 equal groups: (A): proton-pump-based triple therapy (PpTT) for 2 weeks, (B): sequential therapy for 2 weeks, (C): proton-pump-based triple therapy plus bovine lactoferrin for 2 weeks, and (D): sequential therapy plus bovine lactoferrin for 2 weeks.

Results: In the per-protocol analysis, the success in groups A, B, C, and D were 70.3%, 82.8%, 85.6%, and 94.5%, respectively (P < .001). The treatment success rate for the sequential therapy plus bovine lactoferrin regimen was significantly higher than that with sequential therapy alone (94.5% vs. 82.8%, P = .013). The same applied for proton-pump-based triple therapy (85.6% vs. 70.3%, P = .014). The addition of bovine lactoferrin and the presence of endoscopic corpus gastritis were independent predictors for successful eradication of H. pylori.

Conclusion: Bovine lactoferrin could hasten the effectiveness of the proton-pump-based triple therapy or sequential therapy for H. pylori eradication.

Cite this article as: Hablass FH, Lashen SA, Alsayed EA. Efficacy of lactoferrin with standard triple therapy or sequential therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication: A randomized controlled trial. Turk J Gastroenterol. 2021; 32(9): 742-749.

EISSN 2148-5607