Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology
Basic & Translational - Original Article

Effects and mechanism of Lanthanum Citrate on the proliferation and apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma cell line SMMC-7721

1.

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Gannan Medical University, Ganzhou, China

2.

Gannan Medical University, Ganzhou, China

3.

Department of General Surgery, Rucheng County People’s Hospital, Chenzhou, China

Turk J Gastroenterol 2020; 31: 264-271
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2020.18800
Read: 1663 Downloads: 686 Published: 20 April 2020

Background/Aims: To investigate the effect and the possible mechanism of lanthanum citrate on the proliferation and apoptosis of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell line SMMC-7721 through the Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway.

Materials and Methods: Different concentrations of lanthanum citrate and KAAD-cyclopamine (the Hh signaling pathway representative inhibitor) were used to treat SMMC-7721 cells. Cell proliferation was detected using Methylthiazolyldiphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays. Cell apoptosis was detected using flow cytometry analysis of Annexin V-FITC/ propidium iodide (PI). The protein expressions of regulatory genes, such as cell cycle protein D1 (CyclinD1), cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1 (p21), cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase 3 (Caspase-3), B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), glioma-associated oncogene homolog 1 (Gli1), and sonic hedgehog (Shh) were quantified using Western blot assays. The mRNA expressions of Gli1 and Shh were tested using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assays and the protein expressions of Gli1 and Shh were determined using immunofluorescence assays.

Results: The Annexin V-FITC and PI double staining results revealed that the 0.1 mM lanthanum citrate group and the 15 µM KAAD-cyclopamine group had both increased the apoptosis rate of SMMC-7721 cells. Both lanthanum citrate and KAAD-cyclopamine downregulated the protein expressions of CyclinD1, Bcl-2, Gli1, and Shh and upregulated the protein expressions of p21 and Caspase-3. Additionally, the immunofluorescence results revealed that the protein expressions of Gli1 and Shh were significantly decreased in both the lanthanum citrate group and the KAAD-cyclopamine group compared to the control group.

Conclusion: Lanthanum citrate inhibits proliferation and promotes apoptosis in HCC SMMC-7721 cells by suppressing the Hh signaling pathway.

Cite this article as: Chen B, Hu ZM, Chen B, Li BF. Effects and mechanism of Lanthanum Citrate on the proliferation and apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma cell line SMMC-7721.Turk J Gastroenterol 2020; 31(3): 264-71.

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