Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology
Gastrointestinal Tract - Original Article

Effect of visceral fat tissue on superior mesenteric artery configuration: Is it superior to BMI?

1.

Department of Radiology, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

Turk J Gastroenterol 2020; 31: 433-440
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2020.19477
Read: 108 Downloads: 77 Published: 02 May 2020

Background/Aims: To determine the effect of visceral fat volume measured via computed tomography (CT) images of umbilical slices on superior mesenteric artery (SMA) configuration, as compared with body mass index (BMI). In addition, this study aims to determine the effect of lumbar lordosis angle (LLA) on SMA configuration.

Materials and Methods: The study included 310 patients who underwent abdominal CT. On CT images, the aortomesenteric angle (AMA), the distance between SMA and aorta at three levels, and LLA were measured. Visceral fat volume was measured using three consecutive images obtained at the level of the umbilicus. The relationship among AMA, and distances measured between SMA and aorta, and visceral fat tissue volume were determined. The effect of LLA on AMA and distances measured between SMA and aorta was analyzed.

Results: There was a significant positive correlation between visceral fat volume, and patient age, AMA, distances between SMA and aorta, LLA, and BMI (p<0.001). There were not any significant differences in AMA, distances between SMA and aorta, BMI, or visceral fat volume between the patients with an LLA of 20°-45° and those with an LLA >45° (p>0.05). There was a significant positive correlation between BMI, and AMA, distances between SMA and aorta (p<0.001). There was a significant positive correlation between visceral fat volume, and AMA, distances between SMA and aorta (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Visceral fat tissue volume is more valuable than BMI for evaluating the SMA configuration.

Cite this article as: Bahadır Ülger FE. Effect of visceral fat tissue on superior mesenteric artery configuration: Is it superior to BMI? Turk J Gastroenterol 2020; 31(6): 433-40.

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