Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology
Basic & Translational - Original Article

Correlation Between THSD7A Expression and Tumor Characteristics of Azoxymethane-Induced Colon Cancer Model in Rats

1.

Department of Medical Oncology, Hacettepe University Cancer Institute, Ankara, Turkey

2.

Department of Internal Medicine, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

3.

Department of Nephrology, Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

4.

Department of Pathology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

5.

Department of Pathology, Firat University Faculty of Medicine, Elazığ, Turkey

6.

Department of Preventive Oncology, Hacettepe University Cancer Institute, Ankara, Turkey

Turk J Gastroenterol 2021; 32: 1049-1056
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2021.20899
Read: 391 Downloads: 140 Published: 01 December 2021

Background: Thrombospondin type 1 domain-containing 7A (THSD7A) has emerged as a new potential molecular tool for multiple tumors since that THSD7A was detected to be expressed in various malignant tumor types including colorectal cancer (CRC). Thus, we investigated the correlation between THSD7A expression and pathologic determinants of azoxymethane (AOM)-induced CRC in a rat model.
Methods: A total of 30 rats were included in the study (experimental group; n = 15, control group; n = 15). Azoxymethane was administered to the experimental group weekly as subcutaneous injections at a dose of 15 mg/kg bodyweight for 3 weeks. Five months later, 42 tumors were obtained in the study group and histopathologic evaluation of CRC tumors for THSD7A was performed by immunohistochemical staining. Thrombospondin type 1 domain-containing 7A expression was classified according to staining levels.
Results: While 28.6% of the colonic tumors were stained as negative, mild-moderate and strong staining was determined in 61.9% and 9.5% of the tumors, respectively. Thrombospondin type 1 domain-containing 7A expression levels inversely correlated with Ki-67 expression (P < .001) and tumor grade (P =.02). Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed Ki-67 staining ≥20.5% was determined as a cut-off value for negatively stained THSD7A tumors with 91% sensitivity and 69% specificity (P = .001, area under curve: 0.822). Moreover, higher Ki-67 expression was found to be associated with higher tumor grade (P < .001), presence of lymphatic invasion (P = .003), and higher T stage (P = .003).
Conclusion: Negative staining for THSD7A seems to be linked to invasive pathologic determinants in AOM-induced CRC in rats.
Cite this article as: Aktepe OH, Sahin TK, Guner G, et al. Correlation between THSD7A expression and tumor characteristics of azoxymethane-induced colon cancer model in rats. Turk J Gastroenterol. 2021;32(12):1049-1056.

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