Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology
Original Article

Clinical characteristics and natural history of asymptomatic erosive esophagitis

1.

Department of Internal Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea

2.

Department of Family Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Turk J Gastroenterol 2014; 25: 248-252
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2014.5033
Read: 106 Downloads: 12 Published: 25 July 2019

Abstract

Background/Aims: This study was designed to investigate risk factors related to asymptomatic erosive esophagitis and the natural history of both endoscopic findings and reflux-related symptoms in subjects with asymptomatic erosive esophagitis.

 

Materials and Methods: On a retrospective basis, data were gathered from patients with erosive esophagitis (Los Angeles classification 3A) who had undergone endoscopic follow-up at St. Vincent Hospital. Data from 313 subjects with erosive esophagitis were investigated.

 

Results: Most patients had mild esophagitis (grade A or B, Los Angeles classification); 198 (63.3%) had reflux symptoms, and 115 (36.7%) lacked typical or atypical symptoms. Asymptomatic erosive esophagitis was associated with non-smoking (odds ratio (OR), 2.4; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.4-3.9) and lower body mass index (body mass index (BMI); OR, 1.5; 95% CI, 1.0-2.4), while 26% of subjects had recurring reflux-related symptoms. Younger subjects were more likely to have reflux-related symptoms (p<0.05).

 

Conclusion: Non-smoking and lower BMI are associated with asymptomatic reflux esophagitis. Most asymptomatic subjects with erosive esophagitis remained stable and exhibited unchanged endoscopic findings.

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EISSN 2148-5607