Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology
Original Article

Challenges in management and prognosis of pediatric intestinal pseudo-obstruction

1.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

2.

Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

3.

Department of Biostatistics, Hacettepe University Institute of Public Health, Ankara, Turkey

Turk J Gastroenterol 2020; 31: 596-602
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2020.19233
Read: 105 Downloads: 43 Published: 02 May 2020

Background/Aims: Pediatric intestinal pseudo-obstruction (PIPO) is the most severe form of intestinal dysmotility in children. This study aims to present the cases of PIPO to discuss its diagnosis, management, and prognosis.

Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of the patients with PIPO between 2010 and 2018.

Results: A total of 7 patients were included. The admission age was 3 days–10 years. The complaints were abdominal distention and constipation in all the patients. All the patients had passed meconium in the first 48 hours of their life. An upper gastrointestinal (GI) series revealed slow transit in 6 patients and malrotation in 2 patients. Full-thickness rectum biopsies revealed normal ganglion cells. Neurological examination revealed postinfectious pandysautonomy in 1 patient. Furthermore, 2 patients are under follow-up with ileostomy and TPN, 1 patient is with enteral feeding and ileostomy, and 3 patients are stable with pyridostigmine, enemas. Moreover, 1 patient died because of sepsis. The prognosis was not significantly correlated with initial presentation time, lag time, and presence of extraintestinal manifestations (p>0.05). The prognosis was significantly better when fewer number of operations were performed (p=0.029)

Conclusion: PIPO is a broad-spectrum disease group that is difficult to diagnose and treat. It is mandatory to rule out the secondary causes of diagnosis. Medical and surgical treatments are used to support the nutritional status, prevent sepsis, and restore the intestinal motility. The prognosis was better when the secondary causes were identified and fewer operations were performed.

Cite this article as: Boybeyi Türer Ö, Soyer T, Özen H, Arslan UE, Karnak İ, Tanyel FC. Challenges in management and prognosis of pediatric intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Turk J Gastroenterol 2020; 31(8): 596-602.

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