Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology
Liver - Original Article

Analysis of Quality of Life, Depression, and Sexual Function in Patients on the Liver Transplant List

1.

Department of Family Medicine, Başkent University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

2.

Department of General Surgery, Başkent University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

3.

Department of Gastroenterology, Başkent University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Turk J Gastroenterol 2021; 32: 801-807
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2021.21229
Read: 269 Downloads: 73 Published: 20 September 2021

Background: The only treatment in patients developing liver failure is liver transplantation. According to the Ministry of Health, the number of patients waiting for a liver transplantation is 2141, the average waiting period for liver transplantation is approximately 5 years, and 15-18% of these patients lose their life while waiting for transplantation. In these patients, limitations in daily activities and depression–anxiety are commonly found. The aim of this study was to analyze life quality, depression symptoms, and existence of sexual functional disorders of patients waiting for liver transplantation.

Methods: A total of 74 patients, who were registered in Başkent University Hospital between 2015 and 2018, were included into the study. Short Form-36, Beck Depression Inventory, and Arizona Sexual Experiences Scale were applied to 56 patients who approved study.

Results: Most of the patients were male (64.3%), and the mean age was 46 (18-64). Short Form-36 scores were low in all patients. The mean Beck Depression Inventory score of patients was found as 18.4 ± 11.3, and they were suffering from moderate depressive symptoms. According to Arizona Sexual Experiences Scale, total mean scores of males was found as 16.3 ± 5.5, and for females, it was 19.5 ± 5.3 with a statistically significant difference (P < .05). It was found that sexual dysfunction mostly had moderate to mild.

Conclusion: Depression and sexual dysfunction are common in patients with chronic liver diseases, and their life qualities deteriorate significantly. It is anticipated that evaluation of these patients in terms of psychological issues and sexual dysfunction will increase their quality of life during the organ waiting period and affect their well-being post-transplant.

Cite this article as: Fidan C, Akdur A, Kırnap M, et al. Analysis of quality of life, depression, and sexual function in patients on the liver transplant list. Turk J Gastroenterol. 2021; 32(9): 801-807.

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