E-ISSN 2148-5607
Original Article
The nutritional status of hospitalized children: Has this subject been overlooked?
1 Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Süleyman Demirel University Faculty of Medicine, Isparta, Turkey  
2 Department of Emergency, Süleyman Demirel University Faculty of Medicine, Isparta, Turkey  
Turk J Gastroenterol 2015; 26: 351-355
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2015.0013
Key Words: Hospitalized children, malnutrition, undernutrition
Abstract

Background/Aims: To determine the nutritional status of hospitalized children at the time of admission and to investigate the relationship between diagnosis and nutritional status.

 

Materials and Methods: Body weight, height, triceps skinfold thickness, and mid-arm circumference were measured on admission and percentages of weight-for-age, weight-for-height, body mass index, mid-arm circumference, and triceps skinfold thickness were calculated. The nutritional status was evaluated using the Waterlow, Gomez, and other anthropometric assessments.

 

Results: A total of 511 patients were included in the study with a mean age of 5.8±4.9 years. Malnutrition was determined in 52.7% of patients according to the Waterlow classification. Mild malnutrition was determined in 39%, moderate in 12%, and severe in 1.7%, with the characteristics of acute malnutrition in 23.9%, acute-chronic in 7.3%, and chronic in 21.5%. The highest rate of malnutrition was in the 0–2 years age group (62.3%). According to the Gomez classification, malnutrition rate was determined as 46.8%. The rates of malnutrition in malignant, gastrointestinal, and infectious diseases were 60%, 59.8%, and 54.5%, respectively.

 

 

Conclusion: The prevalence of malnutrition in hospitalized children was noticeably high. The nutritional evaluation of all patients and an early start to nutritional support could provide a significant positive contribution.

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