ISSN 1300-4948 | E-ISSN 2148-5607
Basic & Translational - Original Article
Mesenchymal stem cells prolong the survival of orthotopic liver transplants by regulating the expression of TGF-β1
Yue Wang 1 ,  
Bin Liu 1 ,  
1 Department of General Surgery, Xuzhou Medical College Hospital, Jiangsu, China  
Turk J Gastroenterol 2018; 29: 601-609
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2018.17395
Key Words: TGF-β1, mesenchymal stem cell, liver transplantation, CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cell
Abstract

Background/Aims: Recent studies have shown that transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) is prominently associated with acute rejection. This study aimed to explore the role of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in the maintenance of the long-term survival of orthotopic liver transplants (OLTs) via the regulation of TGF-β1 in an experimental rat model.

 

Materials and Methods: We used Lewis rats as donors and ACI rats as recipients. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was performed to evaluate histomorphological changes, and Western blot was performed to measure protein expression.

 

Results: The expression of TGF-β1 in the liver allografts and spleen and protein levels of forkhead box P3 (FoxP3), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) were measured using Western blot. The suppressive capacity of CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells was evaluated using the MTT assay. Cell-mediated immunotoxicity was evaluated using the mixed lymphocyte reaction of CD4+ T cells and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) assay of CD8+ T cells. The results showed that MSCs prolonged the survival of the OLT mice by regulating the expression of TGF-β1 at different time points. The administration of MSCs promoted a prolonged survival in the ACI recipients (105±6.6 d) compared with the MSC-untreated recipients (16.2±4.0 d). On the postoperative day (POD) 7, the MSC-treated recipients showed a significantly higher expression of TGF-β1, FoxP3, IL-10, and CTLA-4 than the MSC-untreated recipients. However, on POD 100, the MSC-treated recipients showed a lower expression of TGF-β1 and FOxP3 than that on POD 7. Moreover, on POD 7, CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells extracted from the MSC-treated recipients showed a higher expression of FoxP3, IL-10, CTLA-4, and suppressive capacity. On POD 7, CD4+ T cells from the MSC-treated recipients showed more significantly diminished proliferative functions than the MSC-untreated recipients; further, a reduced allospecific CTL activity of CD8+ T cells was observed in the MSC-treated recipients.

 

Conclusion: MSCs may represent a promising cell therapeutic approach for inducing immunosuppression or transplant tolerance.

 

Cite this article as: Niu J, Wang Y, Liu B, Yao Y. Mesenchymal stem cells prolong the survival of orthotopic liver transplants by regulating the expression of TGF-β1. Turk J Gastroenterol 2018; 29: 601-9.

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AVES | Copyright © 2018 Turkish Society of Gastroenterology | Latest Update: 22.10.2018