ISSN 1300-4948 | E-ISSN 2148-5607
Liver - Original Article
Changes in acute viral hepatitis epidemiology in the Turkish adult population: A multicenter study
1 Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Gülhane Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey  
2 Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Bozyaka Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey  
3 Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Kartal Dr. Lütfi Kirdar Education and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
4 Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Buca Seyfi Demirsoy State Hospital, İzmir, Turkey  
5 Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Haydarpaşa Numune Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
6 Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Atatürk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey  
7 Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Rize University School of Medicine, Rize, Turkey  
8 Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Konya Training and Research Hospital, Konya, Turkey  
9 Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Sütçü İmam University School of Medicine, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey  
10 Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Ümraniye Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
11 Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Haydarpaşa Sultan Abdulhamid Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
12 Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Yeni Yüzyıl University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey  
13 Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Ordu University School of Medicine, Ordu, Turkey  
14 Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Başakşehir State Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
15 Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, İstanbul Medeniyet University, Göztepe Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
16 Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Bursa Yüksek İhtisas Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
17 Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Elazığ Training and Research Hospital, Elazığ, Turkey  
Turk J Gastroenterol 2018; 29: 177-182
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2018.17431
Key Words: Acute hepatitis, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, Turkey
Abstract

 

Background/Aims: The present study aimed to determine the changes in the epidemiology of hepatitis in recent years in an adult Turkish population.

 

Materials and Methods: Overall, 852 patients with acute viral hepatitis from 17 centers were included in this study. Their sociodemographic characteristics, clinical courses, treatments, and laboratory findings were retrospectively analyzed.

 

Results: The most commonly found microorganisms were the hepatitis B virus (55.2%) and hepatitis A virus (37.6%), and the types of acute viral hepatitis differed significantly according to the age group (p≤0.001). The most frequently reported symptom was fatigue (73.7%), and the most common complications were cholecystitis (0.4%) and fulminant hepatitis (0.4%). The median hospital stay was 9 days (range 1-373). In total, 40.8% patients with acute hepatitis B virus developed immunity.

 

Conclusion: In Turkey, there are significantly large adolescent and adult populations susceptible to acute viral hepatitis. Therefore, larger vaccination programs covering these age groups should be implemented.

 

Cite this article as: Karacaer Z, Tosun S, Batırel A, et al. Changes in acute viral hepatitis epidemiology in the Turkish adult population: A multicenter study. Turk J Gastroenterol 2018; 29: 177-82.

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AVES | Copyright © 2018 Turkish Society of Gastroenterology | Latest Update: 21.05.2018