E-ISSN 2148-5607
Original Article
Intrahepatic biliary cystadenoma—diagnosis and treatment options
1 Department of Surgery, Charles University Prague Faculty of Medicine and Faculty Hospital Pilsen, Prague, Czech Republic  
2 Department of Radiodiagnostics, Charles University Prague Faculty of Medicine and Faculty Hospital Pilsen, Prague, Czech Republic  
3 Sikl's Institute of Pathology, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Medicine and Faculty Hospital Pilsen, Prague, Czech Republic  
Turk J Gastroenterol 2016; 27: 252-256
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2016.15447
Key Words: Liver cystadenoma, diagnosis, treatment
Abstract

Background/Aims: Liver cystadenomas are rare conditions accounting to approximately 5% of all cystic lesions. The aim of our study was to establish a new diagnostic and complex therapeutic approach.

 

Materials and Methods: In all, 12 female patients primarily diagnosed with cystadenoma of the liver were evaluated. Enucleation of the cystadenoma was performed in six (54.5%) and liver resection in four (33.3%) patients. Due to the localization, complete enucleation or radical liver resection could not be performed in two patients.

 

Results: In three patients, grade III-a complications were recorded after surgery. The 30-day mortality was 0%. The length of hospitalization was 27 (7–52) days. Malignant transformation occurred in two patients with incomplete removal of the cystadenoma. In both cases, carbohydrate antigen 19-9 serum levels were elevated during the follow-up period. The first patient died 28 months after primary surgery. The second patient failed to attend any further appointments. The remaining patients are in the good conditions, with no signs of recurrence.

 

Conclusion: The only possible treatment of cystadenomas is their radical surgical removal. Any other incomplete surgical treatment is insufficient and associated with a high risk of malignant transformation. For patients in whom R0 resection or complete enucleation cannot be performed for technical reasons, liver transplantation should be considered.

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AVES | Copyright © 2018 Turkish Society of Gastroenterology | Latest Update: 16.01.2019